Păcatul din 1 Ioan 5:16 – între sfidare deliberată și accident nefericit

[The Sin of 1 John 5:16 – Between Deliberate Sin and Unhappy Accident]

Authors

  • Gabriel-Daniel Nicolae Adventist Pastoral Theology program graduate, gabriel.nicolae@uadventus.ro, Adventus University, 11–13 Decebal, Cernica, Ilfov 077035, Romania, www.uadventus.ro

Keywords:

1 John 5:16, sin, venial sins, deliberate sins, death

Abstract

The text in 1 John 5:16 distinguishes between sins that result in eternal death and sins that, though committed, can be forgiven. This difference seems to be questioned by Rom 6:23. However, the background of the Old Testament (the sacrificial system) and the context of the New Testament clarify the distinction between the two types of sins. One of the conclusions of this paper is that the expression “sin that does not lead to death” refers to accidental sins, made out of ignorance, which the believer confesses and repents of. Regarding “the sin that leads to death,” the present study demonstrates that it can refer to apostasy, sin-like action, or attitude toward the Holy Spirit, renunciation of faith in Jesus Christ, and deliberate opposition against the Law of God, or to an attitude of rejection or indifference that describes the general human way of life. The study of the verse is developed through the semantic and exegetical analysis of some key terms, but also through the analysis of the immediate and broad contexts.

Downloads

Published

2021-07-20

How to Cite

Nicolae, G.-D. (2021). Păcatul din 1 Ioan 5:16 – între sfidare deliberată și accident nefericit: [The Sin of 1 John 5:16 – Between Deliberate Sin and Unhappy Accident]. TheoRhēma, 16(1), 67–88. Retrieved from https://publications.uadventus.ro/index.php/thrh/article/view/109

Issue

Section

Articles